Like many active sports, shooting has the potential to cause personal injury. The careful shooter takes steps to avoid these injuries by wearing personal safety protection:
- Sight protection
- Hearing protection
- There is a risk of eye injury in shooting.
- Shooters going through thick brush can be injured by twigs and branches.
- Target shooters also risk eye injury. This can come from ejected cartridge casings. It can also come from cartridge casing fragments and other debris ejected during firing.
- To avoid these hazards, shooters should wear safety glasses made of impactresistant glass or polycarbonate plastic with side shields. They also guard against firearm malfunctions, stray shotgun pellets or bullet fragments.
- Continued unprotected exposure to shooting noise will cause hearing loss. The noise level of a gunshot is similar to that of a jet engine taking off at close range. The need for hearing protection is obvious.
- Several types of hearing protection are available. On the firing range, shooters should always wear headphone-type hearing protectors. These protectors provide reasonable sound protection. They can also be used for years with minimum maintenance.
- Earplugs are available in several types. Disposable earplugs are made of foam or wax, but they can only be used once.
- There are also reusable earplugs made of rubber available in several sizes. They require care and cleaning after use.
- For maximum hearing protection, it is highly recommended that both earplugs and headphone-type hearing protectors be worn.